General Lessons Regarding The Sun
The Sun is a star located at the center of the solar system. It is the most outstanding and largest feature seen and contains about ninety eight percent of the total solar systems mass. Its rotation varies approximately at twenty five days at the equator and thirty six days at the poles.
The Sun’s diameter is about one million three hundred and ninety two thousand km, and about one hundred and nine times the size of Earth put together. A three quarter of it is comprised of hydrogen mass with the remaining components being helium and other gases. Studies show that it orbits about twenty five thousand light years from the galactic core and completes a revolution once in every two hundred and fifty million years.
The Sun’s interior comprises of a Core, Radiative and Convective zones. The core is the innermost part where energy is generated through nuclear fusion. It is extremely hot and dense. The energy is transported from the hot core to the Radiative zone which is colder and covers about eighty five percent of the radius of the Sun.
Staying next to the Radiative zone is the Convective zone. The space it occupies makes up 15 percent of the entire surface of the Sun. Through a process called convection, energy rises from the core all the way to this zone.
The Photosphere which is the visible layer has a temperature of approximately 6,000 degrees Celsius. It always seems molted as a result of the turbulence created by energy eruptions.
The photosphere is made up of photons that break out into the surface, and that is why it’s called the Sun’s surface. It has a thickness of about five hundred kilometer, and cannot be seen using the bare eyes. It is gassy in nature and hot.
Next to the Photosphere is a region called the Chromosphere. The energy emanating from the core, passes through all the way to the Chromosphere. The hydrogen clouds forming at the top is called Faculae and makes sunspot directly at the top.
From gathered statistics, the Sun is 4.6 billion years in activity and will continue for another 5 billion years. It also predicts, the Sun will change in its last days by fusing helium into elements that are heavier. It will become very big and overcome the Earth. Then at the expiration of a billion years, it will change into what is called white dwarf and then stay another trillion years to cool down and ultimately fade into a black dwarf.
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